“Have you tried to fix this before?” Answers to this question can yield some interesting and sometimes surprisingly information.
A “Yes” response requires careful follow-up questions. “What happened?” is a good starting point. You want to understand what actions were taken, what tools were purchased (if any), when this all took place – and what were the outcomes for the organization and those who were impacted.
If the answer is “No,” your response could be “Why not?” It might be that the problem was never big enough to address (but now it is) or that prior solutions were perceived as insufficient (in what ways?).